The Determinants of Working Capital Management in the Egyptian SMEs

Ahmed Elbadry

Abstract


Purpose– This paper explores the main determinants of working capital management in the Egyptian SMEs and explains its effect on working capital management. Also, I examine the relation between working capital management and SMEs' profitability and capital structure.

Design/methodology/approach – The study sample include data for 138 SMEs working in Egypt and financed by the national bank of Egypt from 2010 to 2013. Data have been collected from SMEs financial statements for four years for each company. OLS regression models have been used to examine the effect of working capital determinants on working capital level measured by CCC. We used firm size and industry as control variables and robustness our results using full regression models for every year of analysis. All regression models were checked for normality, multicollinearity and hetroscedisticity.  

Findings – The main results reflect a negative and significant effect of SMEs profitability, tangible fixed assets, and leverage. Also, the industry represents a significant factor in determining the level of working capital in the Egyptian SMEs. Moreover, the effect of working capital management and SMEs profitability and capital structure decisions has been examined. The results reflect that the Egyptian SMEs follow an aggressive policy as businesses hold low level working capital which leads to high return and high degree of risk (measured by LEVERAGE).

Research limitations/implications – The study limited to the Egyptian SMEs and financed by the National Bank of Egypt.

Originality/value – The study explores the main determinants of working capital in the Egyptian SMEs and examined its effect on working capital management. Also, we examined the effect of working capital determinants on each component of working capital measured by cash conversion cycle. Moreover, I examined the effect of working capital on SMEs' profitability and capital structure decisions.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/afr.v7n2p155

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Accounting and Finance Research
ISSN 1927-5986 (Print)   ISSN 1927-5994 (Online)

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