Dunbar syndrome as a cause of chronic abdominal pain in a 24-year-old female

Zachary A Koenig, Joel Yednock


External compression of the celiac artery by the median arcuate ligament is referred to as Dunbar syndrome, which is an eponym for celiac axis syndrome or median arcuate ligament syndrome. It is correlated with the archetypal triad of postprandial abdominal pain, weight loss of greater than 20 pounds, and an abdominal bruit on auscultation. This is often accompanied by epigastric tenderness, vomiting, and nausea. Given its lack of symptomatic specificity, Dunbar syndrome is a diagnosis of exclusion for unexplained episodic abdominal discomfort. Here, we present a unique case of a 24-year-old woman who experienced several months of chronic abdominal distress and an extensive workup prior to being diagnosed with Dunbar syndrome. The diagnosis was made via cross-sectional abdominal imaging and duplex ultrasound with respiratory maneuvers, which showed downward displacement of the celiac trunk, post-stenotic dilatation, and increased flow velocity on expiration. She underwent successful laparoscopic division of the median arcuate ligament which greatly alleviated her pain.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/crim.v7n1p15


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Case Reports in Internal Medicine

ISSN 2332-7243(Print)  ISSN 2332-7251(Online)

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