Improving Students’ Reading Comprehension Achievement by Using K-W-L Strategy

Erika Sinambela, Sondang Manik, Rotua Elfrida Pangaribuan

Abstract


The research is done in order to improve students’ reading comprehension achievement. The writer uses Know- Want-Learn (KWL) strategy, and the data are obtained from the experimental group and the score of the control group, from the fifth semester students of English department, Faculty of Education of HKBP Nommensen University Medan. The data were analyzed by applying t-test formula and it was found that students’ achievement who were taught by applying KWL was higher than those who were taught without applying KWL. The data obtained that the ability of fifth semester students were taught by KWL is better and effective in the experimental group , than the score of the control group .It was found that students’ achievement who were taught by applying KWL was higher than those who were taught without applying KWL.When doing treatment in four meetings to the experimental group the students were active and the score in the post-test of the test, they got higher than score in the pre-test. The researcher thought that, if KWL used in teaching reading more than fourth, it would increase the students’ reading comprehension. It means that the application of KWL strategy significantly affects on students’ reading comprehension The mean score of the students who were taught by applying KWL strategy is 73,36 it is higher than mean score of students who were tauhgt without applying K-W-L is 68,73, The t observed ( 3,56) is higher than ttable ( 1,992) at the level of significance of 0,05 of two-tailed test. It mens that Ha is accepted. Thus, it can be concluded that there is a significant effect on students’ reading comprehension achievement.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/elr.v4n3p13

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English Linguistics Research
ISSN 1927-6028 (Print)   ISSN 1927-6036 (Online)

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