Measuring Determinants and Effects of Firms’ Financial Structure in a Deleverage Setting: Evidence From Italy

Mario Mustilli, Francesco Campanella, Eugenio D’Angelo


Since 2011, after ten year of growth, Italian non-financial firms have heavily reduced their bank debt. Indeed, the ratio between bank credit to non-financial sector and the Italian GDP decreased from 92.5% to 83.5% in the last five years. This paper examines the determinants of this reduction using an OLS regression model performed on a sample of 12,974 Italian firms. In addition, we analyse the effect of this change in the capital structure on profitability and on debt-service. Results show that Growth, Size, Tangibility and Profitability are associated with leverage, consistently with the previous literature. Furthermore, we found that firm reduced their return on equity but improved their cash flow to debt ratio.

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International Journal of Financial Research
ISSN 1923-4023(Print)ISSN 1923-4031(Online)


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