School Climate in American Secondary Schools: A Psychometric Examination of PISA 2009 School Climate Scale

Letao Sun, Kenneth D. Royal

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to examine the quality of the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA)
2009 school climate survey instrument and evaluate perceptions of secondary school principals' located in the United
States about school climate using an Item Response Theory (IRT) methodological approach. In particular, this study
sought to determine if the instrument’s items are of sufficient psychometric quality to effectively measure schools'
climate status in the United States. Collectively, results indicate the School Climate Assessment (SCA) scale is of
sufficient psychometric quality to effectively measure schools' climate status in the United States. However, there are
areas for which the instrument can be improved. Recommendations for improvement are provided.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/jct.v6n2p6

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Journal of Curriculum and Teaching

ISSN 1927-2677 (Print) ISSN 1927-2685 (Online)

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