The Relationship between Physical Conditions of School Buildings and Organizational Commitment According to Teachers’ Perceptions

Abidin Dağlı, Gülsen Gençdal

Abstract


The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between the physical conditions of school buildings and
organizational commitment according to the perceptions of teachers in public primary schools. The research
population consists of 2450 teachers from 92 primary schools in the central district of Diyarbakır/Turkey in the
academic year of 2017-2018. The data collection instrument was applied to randomly selected 534 teachers from 27
schools. “School Buildings Scale" developed by Çağlayan and Yılmaz (2011) and “Organizational Commitment
Scale" developed by Meyer, Allen and Smith (1993), and adapted into Turkish by Dağlı, Elçiçek and Han (2017)
were used in this study.
Some important findings of the study are listed below: According to teachers' perceptions, the highest item that is
associated with the school buildings was found in the dimension of “General view (M=3,58; Quite adequate), the
item with the lowest level was found in the dimension of “Fields reserved for students” (M=2,44; insufficient). The
mean of the whole scale was found as (M=2.99) “Partially adequate”. It was determined that the highest mean of
teachers' perceptions about organizational commitment (M=3.50; Agree) was in “affective commitment” dimension
and the lowest mean (M=2,94; Undecided) in the dimension of “normative commitment”. Teachers participated in
the total mean of the organizational commitment scale at the level of (M=3.19; Undecided). Generally, it was found
that there was a moderate and positive relationship between the school building scale and organizational commitment
scale (r=,561, p <0.01). This shows that, as the physical conditions of the school buildings are improved, the
organizational commitment of the teachers is increased.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/wje.v9n2p166

 

World Journal of Education
ISSN 1925-0746(Print)  ISSN 1925-0754(Online)

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