Relationship between patient-perceived quality of nurse caring attitudes and behaviours and quality of life of haemodialysis patients in Switzerland

Philippe Delmas, Matteo Antonini, Tanja Bellier-Teichmann, Evelyne Boillat, Vanessa Brandalesi, Louise O’reilly, Chantal Cara, Sylvain Brousseau, Delphine Roulet-Schwab, Isabelle Ledoux, Jérôme Pasquier


Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a fast-growing cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Patients suffering from CKD almost always develop end-stage renal disease (ESRD) that is often treated with haemodialysis (HD). In this context, the quality of the nurse-patient relationship (NPR) plays a major role in supporting the quality of life (QoL) of HD patients. This study examined the relationship between quality of nurse behaviours and attitudes as perceived by HD patients and QoL of these patients.
Methods: The study used a cross-sectional correlational design. The sample consisted of 140 patients recruited in 10 HD units in French-speaking Switzerland. The Caring Nurse-Patient Interaction Scale (CNPI-70) was used to assess the NPR, and the French version of the WHOQOL-Bref was used to evaluate different dimensions of QoL. Random-intercept linear regressions adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics were used to study the relationship between patient-perceived quality of nurse caring attitudes and behaviours and patient QoL.
Results: Patients reported a high frequency of caring attitudes and behaviours from their attending nurses, except relative to the dimension of spirituality. All the dimensions of patient QoL were positively influenced by the caring factor composing the CNPI-70. In particular, nurse attention to patient dignity when providing support for basic human needs seemed to be a major factor in patient QoL.
Conclusions: Quality of NPR is essential to improving patient QoL. Interventions need to be developed to support quality of NPR.

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Clinical Nursing Studies
ISSN 2324-7940(Print)   ISSN 2324-7959(Online)

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