Study on clinical effects of pedicle screw combined with immobilized implantation bone by wirerope and hallow compression screw immobilization in treating spondylolysis of lumbar vertebra of multiple segments of adults

Dongdong Zhao, Feng Li, Yao Wu, Xiaoyan Zhang


Objective: To observe clinical effects of pedicle screw fixation combined with cable wires and bone graft and cannulated compression screws on adult multi-segment lumbar spondylolysis.

Methods: 70 cases of patients with multi-segment lumbar spondylolysis were selected in our hospital. According to different surgical schemes, these patients were divided into the observation group (35 cases) and the control group (35 cases). The observation group received pedicle screw fixation combined with cable wires and bone graft and the control group received cannulated compression screw fixation. Macnab criteria were adopted to implement a therapeutic evaluation of two groups of patients to make an observation and comparison of the excellent and good rate of surgery and a series of indicators including perioperative clinical effects, intraoperative blood loss, duration of surgery, hospital length of stay (HLOS), visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score.

Results: The excellent and good rate of the observation group was 97.14%, and that of the control group was 82.86%, the difference between two groups was statistically significant (χ2 = 6.248, p = .012). The differences in intraoperative blood loss, duration of surgery and HLOS between two groups were statistically significant (t = -4.55, t = -4.55, t = -4.55; p < .05). Oswestry index, VAS score and JOA score of the observation group were (2.4 ± 0.9), (28.5 ± 6.4) and (27.1 ± 3.1) respectively, and these of the control group were (3.5 ± 1.2), (37.1 ± 7.8) and (21.3 ± 2.7) respectively, the differences between two groups were statistically significant (t = 4.338, t = 5.043, t = 8.347, p < .05).

Conclusions: Pedicle screw combined with immobilized implantation bone by wirerope has an excellent clinical effect on the treatment of adult multi-segment lumbar spondylolysis, and it has a series of advantages such as fast postoperative recovery, small surgical trauma and so on. In addition, this technique can also restore the stability of spinal segments and relieve pains to a greater degree.

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Discussion of Clinical Cases  ISSN 2375-8449(Print)  ISSN 2375-8473(Online)

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