Iatrogenic scleroderma renal crisis: A case report and mini literature review for renal crisis

Gülşah Boz, Samet Karahan, Nurdan Yüksek


Background: Systemic sclerosis is a connective tissue disease characterized by fibrosis of the skin and organs, marked changes in microvascular structure, cellular and humoral immune disorders. Renal involvement is more frequent and mainly characterized by moderate proteinuria, elevated serum creatinine levels, and hypertension. The most common kidney involvement in SSc is scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) that is fatal without prompt intervention.

Case report: A 52-year-old Caucasian male with known diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis was hospitalized with communityacquired pneumonia. On the fifth day after appropriate antibiotic therapy and 60 mg/day methylprednisolone, decreased urine output, arterial hypertension, decreased renal function and pulmonary edema developed. The patient was diagnosed with a scleroderma renal crisis. Emergency hemodialysis was applied to the patient, and captopril 6 × 25 mg/day and nifedipine 2*60 mg/day treatment were given. He received a routine hemodialysis program for about three months. The hemodialysis program was terminated when the patient’s urine quality and quantity increased.

Conclusions: SRC, characterized by malignant hypertension, azotemia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and kidney failure, is one of the most important complications of systemic sclerosis with a poor prognosis without prompt intervention. Steroid use is one of the important risk factors that precipitate SRC development. With angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, survival increased after SRC, the need for dialysis decreased, and usually allowed the discontinuation of dialysis treatment within about 6-18 months. Suspicion of SRC in the presence of the above-mentioned findings in patients with a diagnosis or suspected systemic sclerosis can be considered the most important treatment step.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/dcc.v8n3p4


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