Survival of dental implants in patients with bone dysplasia: A systematic review

Alexandre Perez, Sarah Dib, Andreij Terzic, Delphine Courvoisier, Paolo Scolozzi


Objective: This study used published studies to assess the survival rate of dental implants placed in patients with bone dysplasia of the maxillofacial region.

Material and methods: An electronic search without a specified date range was performed using the MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases. No gender or age restrictions were applied.

Results: Eighteen publications were found that met the study’s criteria, reporting data on 18 patients with bone dysplasia including cleidocranial dysplasia (CDD), fibrous dysplasia (FD), florid cemento-osseous dysplasia (FCOD), and odonto-maxillary segmental dysplasia (SOMD), who received a total of 130 implants, an average of 7.2 implants/patient (range 1 to 16). The mean age of the patients was 36.7 years (range 15 to 70 years). For implants placed in bone dysplasia, the survival rates were 100% for patients with CDD (n = 8), FD (n = 5), SOMD (n = 2), FCOD with implants inserted far from the lesions (n = 2) and 0% for dental implants inserted within FCOD (n = 1). The mean follow-up was 38.2 months (min 6, max 60).

Conclusions: Dental implants placed in patients with dysplastic bone lesions show high survival rates, similar to those in the general population for CDD, FD, and SOMD. For FCOD, the failure rate was 100%.

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Discussion of Clinical Cases  ISSN 2375-8449(Print)  ISSN 2375-8473(Online)

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