Financial Statement Fraud Risk Factors of Fraud Triangle: Evidence From Indonesia

Hasni Yusrianti, Imam Ghozali, Etna Yuyetta, Aryanto Aryanto, Eka Meirawati


The purpose of this study is to examine the risk factors that influencing financial statement fraud. Especially, it examines the influence of rationalization, pressure, and opportunity on the fraudulent financial statements and also examines the interaction effect of industry risk and company size on the relationship between rationalization, pressure, and opportunity on financial statement fraud. Secondary data were collected from Bloemberg Data Base, IDX and OJK RI. The population in this study is companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in the moving year from 2011 to 2017 and the sample was selected by companies that indicated financial statement fraud and those that did not indicate financial statement fraud. The company indicated by Fraud was collected from Bapepam and OJK RI. Data were tested using logistic regression analysis and different T-tests of 28 committed fraud companies and 28 companies that did not commit fraud. The results showed that only some variables had a significant effect on financial statement fraud, namely financial stability (ACHANGE), Financial Target (ROA), and the Nature of Industry (ARCHANGE). The results also show that company size and industry risk do not moderate the fraud factors on financial statement fraud. These results support the fraud triangle theory in explaining the phenomena of financial statement fraud.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

International Journal of Financial Research
ISSN 1923-4023(Print)ISSN 1923-4031(Online)


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