Assessing the knowledge of caregivers of children undergoing peritoneal dialysis in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Fatmah Abdullah Awaji, Nour Mahfouz Al Thibani, Nawal Abdulbagi Alsulami, Sarah Saad Al Otaibi, Salma Moawad


Background and objective: Children with end stage renal disease (ESRD) are commonly placed onto chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) while awaiting a transplant. Those children require a caregiver to assume major responsibility for their treatment. Knowledge of those caregivers is very important to prevent complications. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of caregivers of children undergoing PD in Riyadh.

Methods: A convenient sample of 41 caregivers of children on PD from three hospitals in Riyadh and who met the inclusion criteria participated in this study. Structured questions were developed by the researchers and used to collect data regarding the study that consisted of two parts. The first part included sociodemographic data of children and the caregivers. The second part contained 36 questions that assessed the knowledge of the caregivers.

Results: The majority of caregivers were mothers who were not working. All caregivers were educated, and most were from the central region of Riyadh. It was found that the caregivers had more knowledge than expected, the source of this knowledge was from physicians. There was a high correlation between the knowledge and education level of caregivers. Moreover, there was a significantly statistical correlation between correct answer and sociodemographic data of caregivers’ water supply, type of services and distance between home and the nephrology center.

Conclusions and recommendations: Most caregivers have adequate knowledge regarding the care of children with ESRD; however, some weaknesses were identified. The caregivers do not know the symptoms of the disease and they are unable to identify signs of dehydration and the importance of weight to prevent dialysis complications. One third of the sample did not know about the complications of PD. We recommend frequent sessions of PD management and care.

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Journal of Nursing Education and Practice

ISSN 1925-4040 (Print)   ISSN 1925-4059 (Online)

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