Revised competency inventory for evaluating nursing students

Huei-Lih Hwang, Chin-Tang Tu, Tian-Yuan Kuo


Background and objective: To ensure high quality nursing education, a valid scale is needed to evaluate the core competences of nursing students. Insufficiencies of the Competency Inventory of Nursing Students currently used to measure competence in nursing students. The aim of this study was to revise Competency Inventory of Nursing Students and to validate its use for measuring competency in Junior college nursing students in terms of score distribution and dimensionality.

Methods: The scale was refined in a series of three phases performed during 2015-2016 in Taiwan: (1) established the item set via literature reviews and content validity testing; (2) refined the item set based on self-reported data from 120 nursing students and confirmed the factor structure by confirmatory factor analysis in 244 nursing students; (3) established the validity and reliability of the final scale.

Results: Analysis indicated that a 28-item scale with a 3-factor structure obtained the best fit to the data (χ2 = 752.56, p < .001, RMSEA = .069, SRMR = .043, CFI = .950, TLI = .946) and had an acceptable Cronbach α value (range .935 to .982). The strength of the inter-correlations among three latent variables was highly consistent with the conceptualization as a multifactorial construct.

Conclusions and implications: The revised scale has satisfactory validity and reliability for measuring core competency in nursing students. Implications for practice: For employers concerned about the competency of recent graduates of associate degree nursing programs, the effective and comprehensive scale can be used for self-evaluation of competency in nurses and can also provide feedback for improving teaching and learning efficiency during the education of nurses.

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Journal of Nursing Education and Practice

ISSN 1925-4040 (Print)   ISSN 1925-4059 (Online)

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