The training of obstetric physicians and nurses to change the obstetric model in Brazil: A view of the preceptors in the training process

Elisabete M.P. de Carvalho, Leila B.D. Göttems, Fábio F. Amorim, Dirce B. Guilhem


Background and objective: In obstetrics training, there are gaps in the scientific evidence on how to teach safe practices with respect. The objective of this study was to explore from the point of view of the preceptors how the process of training obstetricians (physicians and nurses) in residency leads to the development and inculcation of the practices recommended by the national and international guidelines for assistance with natural childbirth.

Methods: Qualitative, exploratory-descriptive study. Thirty-five professionals, including 21 physicians and 14 nurses, from a public institution in the Midwest of Brazil participated in the study. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews conducted from March to June 2018. They were categorized into emerging themes, supported by NVivo to natural birth ® software. Two researchers reviewed the data, and by consensus, the identified issues were confirmed.

Results: Of the participants’ comments, 4 themes were codified: approach of the good practices in natural childbirth care; unnecessary practices that remain in use; norms and routines in natural childbirth care; and work processes in the obstetric residency program.

Conclusions: The results highlight the necessity of reorganization of the work processes in the residency program, with continuous action directed toward the strengthening of pedagogical processes and the qualification of the actors involved in the formation and organization of childbirth care services to expand the disruptive potential of new health professionals.

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Journal of Nursing Education and Practice

ISSN 1925-4040 (Print)   ISSN 1925-4059 (Online)

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