Prognostic value of platelet to lymphocyte ratio in patients with non-small cell lung cancer

Mohammad Sabry Elkady, Ghada Refaat, Zeinab Elsayed, Kyrillus Farag


Background: The prognostic value of Platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is still indistinct. We conducted this study to assess the prognostic significance of pretreatment PLR in patients with unresectable NSCLC.
Aim of the Work: To assess the prognostic significance of pre-treatment PLR in patients with NSCLC.
Material and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 130 patients treated for NSCLC with definitive/palliative chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy in Ain-Shams Universit hospital, Clinical Oncology department between January 2014 and December 2016. Pre-treatment CBC was available for the 130 patients to calculate PLR by dividing the absolute platelet count by the absolute lymphocytic count.
Results: Out of 130 patients with available pre-treatment complete blood picture, population age ranged from 23 to 87 years. Male to female ratio was 4.8:1. Adenocarcinoma presents 51% of cases. Unresectable stage II and stage III present 2% and 27% respectively, while Stage IV presents 69%. Using a cut-off value of 150, a statistically significant correlation between baseline PLR > 150 and presence of distant metastases was found (p = .043); with a trend towards less advanced stage disease among group of patients with baseline PLR < 150 (p = .064). High PLR > 150 was significantly associated with poor overall survival (OS) (median OS: 10.33 months; 95% CI: 6.23-14.42, compared to patients with PLR < 150; (median OS: 24.63 months, 95% CI:11.5-37.76, p = .008), but not PFS. In multivariate analysis, PLR < 150 was an independent good prognostic factor for OS; (HR = 0.549; 95% CI: 0.314-0.958; p = .035).
Conclusion: High PLR is associated with poor OS in patients with unresectable NSCLC.

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Journal of Solid Tumors

ISSN 1925-4067(Print)   ISSN 1925-4075(Online)

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