Potential Migration Investigation in the Mechanism of Labor Market Regulation

Olha Ryndzak, Oleh Risnyy, Mariana Bil


Effective regulation of labor market and elaboration of preventive policy measures requires proper information support. Such support can be provided by the investigation of not only real but also potential migration. This article provides the authors’ complex approach to the study of a potential migration. In particular, three stages of potential migration are investigated on the basis of the results of a panel sample survey of unemployed in Lviv city, Ukraine (2013–2016, 2018-2019): migration desires, plans (decision) and preparations. Thus in 2019 the share of respondents having positive migration desires made up 56%, planning to move abroad – 26% and only 18% made some preparations for moving. Based on the results obtained during six years of study a map of migration preferences is made. So Germany, the USA and Canada are mostly chosen for permanent residence or long time migration. Poland and Germany are the most desired for temporary work. Based on the logistic regression model the impact of gender and age on decision regarding employment abroad is showed. Respondents’ estimations of their financial situation and employment opportunities in relation to their potential migration are also analyzed. Presented in the article study may be replicated in other regions and other samples may be used for survey. It would allow comparative analysis of potential migration between different groups and regions and would be helpful for policy making.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/rwe.v11n3p80

Research in World Economy
ISSN 1923-3981(Print)ISSN 1923-399X(Online)


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