How Are Company Size, Financial Performance and Corporate Governance Related to Directors' Remuneration?

Norziana Lokman, Fattiadriati Mohd Tareh


This study examined the relationship between the company-specific characteristics, namely, company size, company performance, and company leverage and the corporate governance attributes of a company which includes CEO duality and remuneration committee independence as the predictor factors that determine directors’ remuneration. A sample of 260 public listed companies on Bursa Malaysia was selected using stratified random sampling for the financial reporting of 2018. All data concerning the company characteristics and corporate governance attributes were obtained from the annual reports of the companies, which can be accessed from the Bursa Malaysia website. Pearson correlation and multi-regression analysis were used to analyse the data to determine the relationship of the predictor variables with director remuneration. On the one hand, the results of the study showed that directors’ remuneration is positively and significantly related to the size of the company. On the other hand, the financial performance of a company is positively but weakly related to directors remuneration. The remaining predictors have no relationship with directors’ remuneration. The finding suggested that the key determinant factor of directors’ remuneration is company size whereas company performance may have a small impact. Lastly, company compliance with the recommendation of the Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance did not guarantee the effectiveness of the monitoring function of the remuneration committee in ensuring that directors’ remuneration is commensurate with company performance. The result of the study provides additional evidence and support that company size and financial performance are linked to director remuneration. Also the finding of the study reconfirmed prior study that board leadership structure (CEO duality) and remuneration committee independent have no impact on directors’ remuneration.

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Research in World Economy
ISSN 1923-3981(Print)ISSN 1923-399X(Online)


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