Design of a framework for combating human trafficking and kidnapping using smart objects and Internet-of-things

Akinyokun O. C, Akintola K. G, Iwasokun G. B, Angaye C. O, Arekete S. A


The security problems arising from activities of terrorists, kidnappers and human traffickers in the world, at large, can be tackled using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) related approaches. This paper presents the framework of smart objects and Internet of Things (IoT) based system for achieving cost effective and time saving combat of human trafficking and kidnapping. The major components of the system are Sensor Processing Station (SPS), Media Server Station (MSS), Smart Engine Server (SES) and Digital Situation Room (DSR). The SPS is for signal sensing via a number of workstations equipped with video camera sensors, Radio Frequency Identification Card (RFID) tags to the Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers and body worn sensors while MSS will capture and store data from the sensor processing units on the cloud server. The SES will perform logical reasoning of the system such as motion detection, face recognition, position tracking and activities recognition, DSR will be used to monitor events in real-time and on-demand modes based on Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6)-enabled communications. The work presents an integration of different technologies towards combating human trafficking and kidnapping with a view to enhance existing piecewise development.

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Artificial Intelligence Research

ISSN 1927-6974 (Print)   ISSN 1927-6982 (Online)

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