Acute kidney injury requiring renal replacement therapy due to severe hemolysis after mechanical thrombectomy

Puneet Bedi, Daniel Addanki, Aaron Reichman, Shyan-Yih Chou, Ira Reiser


Deep vein thrombosis is a frequently encountered medical condition, and one that is associated with significant morbidity if not promptly diagnosed and treated.  Anticoagulation alone is, at times, insufficient for recanalization, particularly in those patients with ileofemoral thromboses.  Pharmacomechanical catheter-directed thrombolysis has been used for clot dissolution and removal in these cases.  Although hemolysis could occur due to mechanical lysis of red blood cells during the procedure, acute kidney injury has seldom been reported.  We now report a case of massive hemoglobinuria that occurred immediately after the use of a pharmacomechanical catheter-directed technique to dissolve large deep vein thrombi.  Severe oliguric acute renal failure ensued, complicated by uremic pericarditis and requiring four sessions of hemodialysis therapy.

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Case Reports in Internal Medicine

ISSN 2332-7243(Print)  ISSN 2332-7251(Online)

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