Differences in Work Values by Gender and Generation: Evidence from Egypt

Maha Ahmed Zaki Dajani


This research was built on the previous research titled “The Mediating Role of Work Values in the Relationship between Islamic Religiosity and Job Performance: Empirical Evidence from Egyptian Public Health Sector” (2017) and continued to examine work values differences based on gender and generation. A quota sampling procedure was used to survey (400) participants in (10) public Egyptian hospitals. The positive response rate of the target population was (83.75%). Work values were measured using Lyon Work Values Survey (LWVS) revised 25-item scale to assess four types of work values, namely, instrumental values, cognitive values, social/altruistic values, and prestige values. It also ranked the importance of each of these 25-items according to gender and age. A confirmatory factor analysis, using AMOS 20, was conducted to confirm the factor structure of the used scale on the target population. The Findings revealed that there exists a similarity on the high importance of instrumental work values to both males and females, in all age groups. Dissimilarities are more apparent among other types of work values based on gender and generations. These results suggested that understanding work values differences based on these two demographic factors have a significant impact on the improvement of human resources practices and the development of management theory.

Full Text:


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/ijba.v9n2p9

International Journal of Business Administration
ISSN 1923-4007(Print) ISSN 1923-4015(Online)


Copyright © Sciedu Press

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'Sciedupress.com' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.