Integration and Development of Employability Skills into Malaysian Higher Education Context: Review of the Literature

Mehrnaz Fahimirad, Pradeep Kumar Nair, Sedigheh Shakib Kotamjani, Maryam Mahdinezhad, Jia Bao Feng


This paper aims to provide a comprehensive literature review on the role of employability skills or generic skills in designing, integrating, and assessing curriculum in Malaysian higher education context. This study addresses the issue and challenges of integrating generic skills or employability skills in higher education context. Then the research gap on the lack of integrating generic skills in Malaysian higher education system is highlighted and the past studies which addressed the issue of integrating and assessing generic skills in Malaysian universities are reviewed. The results revealed that some Malaysian universities attempted to integrate generic skills into their curriculum to increase the rate of employability; however, there is an ambiguity regarding the assessment of generic skills in the context of higher education. Further research needs be conducted to investigate the assessment of generic skills. 

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International Journal of Higher Education
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