Using the Stages of Concern Questionnaire to Ensure Professional Development with Teachers and Teacher Candidates

Morgan B. Bullard, Chayla D. Rutledge, Patricia Kohler-Evans


Classroom instruction is highly influenced by the quality of the professional development that teachers and teacher candidates receive. Instructional interventions at the classroom level must be research-based, and working with teachers and teacher candidates to implement interventions effectively is a daunting task. One way to help ensure professional development is effective involves gauging teachers’ and teacher candidates’ concerns, using the Stages of Concern Questionnaire (SOCQ) from the Concerns Based Adoption Model (CBAM). In the current study, teacher candidates received professional development at the pre-service level, and teachers received the same professional development at the in-service level. Both groups were taught specific interventions designed to target middle and secondary students using the Strategic Instruction Model Content Enhancement Routines. The SOCQ was administered prior to and following a professional development series that spanned several months. An analysis of results indicated that professional development is effective in reducing concern in both teachers and teacher candidates. Teachers and teacher candidates overall shared similar concerns on some areas yet were different in their levels of concern in other areas. The researchers suggest possible interpretations for the similarities and differences in results and offer areas for future study.

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International Research in Higher Education  ISSN 2380-9183 (Print)  ISSN 2380-9205 (Online)

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