Brain MRI literature review for interdisciplinary studies

Humera Tariq, Aqil Burney


Computer science individuals, biomedical engineers and IT professionals require foundation knowledge about brain anatomical structures and physical sciences especially when it comes to research. The objective in this paper is to develop basic understanding of brain anatomical structure to be used for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and image processing along with necessary foundations to cultivate interdisciplinary research. The review incorporates the glorious history of MRI along with its marvelous mathematical contribution. This contribution makes the measurement of proton density possible which is then transformed into two dimensional magnetic resonance images for visualization and various brain related computer aided diagnostics and treatment. Spin physics, Magnetic field Precession, Larmor frequency, Bloch equation and Fourier Transform are the building blocks of magnetic resonance imaging. All the foundations which are compulsory and must be known at first sight to brain MRI are made available in this review.

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Journal of Biomedical Graphics and Computing    ISSN 1925-4008 (Print)   ISSN 1925-4016 (Online)

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