Gender and healthcare accessibility in Europe

Maria da Conceição Constantino Portela, Adalberto Campos Fernandes


Objective: Healthcare accessibility is necessary to achieve good health outcomes. However, access to healthcare can be decreased due to distance to healthcare centres, high costs, or waiting lists. The present study explored if there is a gender gap related to healthcare accessibility constraints.

Methods: We performed a cross-country transversal study to investigate the existence of gender-related healthcare accessibility constraints using Mann-Whitney U tests. The research was based on self-reported unmet needs for medical examination due to access barriers according to Eurostat. We examined annual observations from 2005 through 2011 from eight European countries: Greece, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom.

Conclusions: We found a gender gap related to unmet medical needs due to high costs, with females more likely to have such needs. The difference in mean values related to gender was statistically significant for Greece (5.17% vs. 3.59%; p = .007), France (1.80% vs. 1.23%; p = .007), Ireland (1.53% vs. 1.13%; p = .011), and Italy (4.39% vs. 2.99%; p = .004).

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Journal of Hospital Administration

ISSN 1927-6990(Print)   ISSN 1927-7008(Online)

Copyright © Sciedu Press
To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.