The relationship between burnout and job satisfaction among psychiatric nurses

Sahar Behilak, Ayat Saif-elyazal Abdelraof


Objective: One of the core concerns in psychiatric nursing is job burnout among nurses, because burnout had harmful impacts on both nurses’ health and their ability to cope with job demands. Moreover, long term job stress can cause burn out and reduce their level of satisfaction. Aim: The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between burnout aand job satisfactions among psychiatric nurses.

Methods: Descriptive correlation design was utilized. The study was conducted at Psychiatric Department in Tanta University Hospital and Tanta Mental Health Hospital. The study sample consisted of 50 staff nurses. Tools were utilized for collection of data: First, the Burnout Inventory by Maslach; Second, the Job Satisfaction scale. It measured the general job satisfaction of the nursing staff. This scale has five domains: Personal factors, Work organization, Content and amount of work, Working unit and Leadership.

Results: It was found that the majority of nurses had job dissatisfaction. In relation to staff nurses’ burnout, staff nurses’ job burnout and its components were found. It was observed that the majority of nurses had high burnout. Regarding burnout components, specifically, in relation to emotional exhaustion, it was found that the majority of nurses experienced high emotional exhaustion and depersonalization compared low accomplishment. It was found that there was significant negative correlation between burnout and job satisfaction, the highest frequency of nurses had high burnout and had low level of job satisfaction.

Conclusions: The highest frequency of nurses had high burnout and had low level of job satisfaction. It recommended newly developed interventions to alleviate nurses’ burnout and increase job satisfaction, thereby enhancing the quality of healthcare. So, further support of managers in the prevention of burnout is a necessity. Thus, it will enhance creativity, job satisfaction, self-worthiness, and service quality.

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Journal of Nursing Education and Practice

ISSN 1925-4040 (Print)   ISSN 1925-4059 (Online)

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