Pap smear collection: Proposal of a low-cost simulator for health education

Juliana de Souza Gonçalves Martinovski, Neide da Silva Knihs, Nádia Chiodelli Salum, Lucia Nazareth Amante, Mônica Stein, Melissa Orlandi Honório Locks, Luciana Martins da Rosa


Objective: To develop a low-fidelity and low-cost simulator for health education in Pap smears.

Methods: This is an experience report of the care practice carried out with nine nurses and twenty-five women, during Pap smears in the office of the Rural Zone Family Health Team. The SQUIRE 2.0 method was used in the following steps Context: the issue was analyzed. Intervention: searches for the existence of a simulator with the same purpose. The simulator was built manually, using low-cost materials. Measurements: an evaluation of the nurses' perception of the technology produced was performed. Afterward, it was used with women undergoing Pap smears. Analysis: evaluation was carried out by means of simple descriptive statistics.

Results: A low-cost and fidelity simulator formed by six slides, where the first slide represents a normal cervix; followed by a slide representing a cervix with cervicitis; a cervix with polyp; a cervix with a lesion in the transformation zone; a cervix with malignant neoplasm; and, by a figure equal to the first slide, however, the hole of the endocervix is perforated in order to introduce the brush of the Pap smear kit.

Conclusion and implications for practice: A strengthening of cervical cancer preventive strategies in Primary Health Care was obtained. The simulator allows visualization of the main components of the female genital organ when introducing the speculum, configuring a creative and innovative health education strategy for nursing practice.

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Journal of Nursing Education and Practice

ISSN 1925-4040 (Print)   ISSN 1925-4059 (Online)

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