Determinants of the Commercial Bank’s Efficiency in ASEAN

Randi Anto, Irene Rini Demi Pangestuti, Sugeng Wahyudi, Eriesta Novia Purwandari


The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of capitalization, bank size, bank age, and loan to asset ratio (LAR) to bank efficiency in ASEAN-5 countries (Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and the Philippines). Net interest margin (NIM) and non-net interest income (Non-NIM) were used as control variables. There was a total of 58 banks used as a sample using a purposive sampling technique. There were two stages of the analytical method used: data envelopment analysis (DEA) approach – to provide estimates of bank efficiency, and multiple regression linear – consists of the statistical F-test and t-test, coefficient of determination (R2) test and the classic assumption test. The results show that capitalization and bank age affect bank efficiency negatively, while bank size and LAR affect bank efficiency positively. The banks are suggested to consider optimizing their capital to continue to operate efficiently, increase their assets to be more efficient, the older banks are expected to be able to adjust to technological developments, and the banks are also expected to increase the amount of credit by monitoring its quality to be efficient.

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Research in World Economy
ISSN 1923-3981(Print)ISSN 1923-399X(Online)


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