The Political Orientation of the Middle and Lower Classes in Iran (1997-2013)

Ali Abolali Aghdaci, Parisa Khorasaniesmaeili


It is well-known that there is a positive relationship between class position and the political orientation of citizens. In
such a way that the class position is considered as an independent variable and political orientations as dependent
variables. In this research, we will try to survey the political orientations of middle and lower classes in Iran in the
two states of Reformist and Principals, namely, the presidency of Khatami, and Ahmadinejad. The main question is
that the growth of the middle class tends to make progress in countries, but why the quantitative growth of this class
in Iran, has not led to proper progress in our country? The hypothesis of this article is as follows: The growth of the
middle class in the advanced countries is linked to their democratic political structures, while in the third world
countries due to the rentierity, the middle classes are made by governments. Therefore, they cannot act
independently and be effective in the political and cultural development of countries.

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