Knowledge of Slope Concept in Mathematics Textbooks in Undergraduate Education

Güler Tuluk

Abstract


This study questions the dominant approach in the presentation of the concept of slope in undergraduate education through mathematics textbooks. For this purpose, five mathematics textbooks, were analyzed for problems related to slope, and similarities and differences were revealed. First, the subjects related to the slope in the textbooks were categorized and examined within the context in which they were handled. Therefore, this study is a qualitative study that adopts the interpretive paradigm. These categories are discussed in the form of connectivity, exploration, and purpose using the study for the context (Rezat, 2006). Stump (1999; 2001b) and Moore-Russo et al. (2011) studies were used for cognitive development. These are determined as geometric ratio, behavioral indicator, property determiner, algebraic ratio, parametric coefficient, functional property, linear constant, real life, physical property and trigonometry. Representations of the process skills were chosen as algebraic expressions, tables, and graphics. The concept is discussed in the form of calculus. The analysis in the current study also took into account the use of technology (Akkoyunlu, 2002; Schware & Jaramillo, 1998) CAS and Scientific and Graphing Calculators. Definition, justification, and explanation for performance are arranged. Compared to translate the book, Turkey's textbooks 1. contains mostly algebraic expressions, does not use justifications and explanations, and is unrelated to real life, 2. contains applications that use more formulas, 3. The definition is less emphasized, 4. not using technology, 5. They do not clearly express the connections with other subject areas (Economy physics etc.). In general, it was seen that translated textbooks were mostly related to real life, equipped with explanations and justifications requiring cognitive competencies, and proceeded harmoniously between the subject area's main ideas and related ideas. These books use multi-step solved problems. Turkish textbooks need to be reviewed in terms of their functional areas in terms of context, cognitive need, representations, technology, and performance.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/jct.v9n3p161

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Journal of Curriculum and Teaching

ISSN 1927-2677 (Print) ISSN 1927-2685 (Online)

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