Study on matrix metalloproteinase-2, 9 in peri-implant sulcular fluid

Mingxia Wei, Na Yu, Jinghui Zhang


Objective: To study the expression of matrix metalloproteinases-2, 9 (MMP-2, MMP-9) of healthy implant and peri-implant sulcular fluid (PISF) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method, and evaluate the level of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in sulcular fluid as an objective indicator of tissue inflammation around implants.

Methods: A total of 40 implants were selected from 30 patients who were treated with dental implants and were divided into two groups: the inflammatory group and the healthy control group with 20 pieces respectively. ELISA double antibody sandwich method was used to detect the levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in PISF.

Results: The MMP-2 and MMP-9 expressions were significantly different between the healthy implant group and the periimplant group (p < .05). The concentration of MMP-2, MMP-9, and the amount of sulcular fluid in the inflammatory implant group were positively correlated with the clinical parameters (probing depth [PD], modified sulcus bleeding index [mSBI]).

Conclusions: Under physiological conditions, the levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were low. When the periodontal tissue was stimulated by inflammation, the expression levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were increased, which could reflect the severity of inflammation. The increase levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in PISF could better reflect the health status of peri-implant tissues, which could be used as an objective indicator to assist in the diagnosis of peri-implant inflammation.

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Discussion of Clinical Cases  ISSN 2375-8449(Print)  ISSN 2375-8473(Online)

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