The Moderating Effects of Smart Phone Addiction on the Relationship between Life Satisfaction, Sleep Quality and Academic Achievement among College Students: A Systematic Review

Esupat P. Kone, Lei Hongde


This systematic review investigated the intricate dynamics between smartphone addiction and the well-being of college students, specifically examining its moderating effects on the relationships between life satisfaction, sleep quality, and academic achievement. This review further strengthens the evidence presented in previous studies that emphasize the negative influence of excessive smartphone usage on sleep quality and academic performance. The study employed quantitative observational studies that were obtained from five databases. During the selection process, PRISMA guidelines were followed, and the study incorporated studies from various countries globally, all of which were in English. The studies enrolled 31678 people, with females ranging from 33.1% to 75.5%; studies quality ranged from low to moderate. The results show that life satisfaction is positively associated with perceived academic achievement and also sleep quality is positively associated with the initial level of pre-sleep cognitive arousal, which hence leads to good academic performance. In contrast, Smartphone addiction was positively associated with daytime sleepiness and school disengagement while also negatively associated with Grade Point Average (GPA). Therefore, this study shows excessive use of smartphones among the youth, which in correlation affects the relationship between their life satisfaction, sleep quality and academic achievement. An extensive amount of studies needs to be done on smartphone addiction so that better plans can be made for preventive measures.

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International Journal of Higher Education
ISSN 1927-6044 (Print) ISSN 1927-6052 (Online) Email:

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