Development and Effect of a SnowBall Teaching-Learning Model based on Flipped Learning

Kim, Soon Hee


In order to nurture nursing talents with good interest in learning as well as adaptability to the field, it is necessary to have conditions for self-directed learning, this study aimed to the creation of an educational environment and teaching-learning methods; thus, developing a model suitable for nursing students is essential. A snowball teaching-learning model based on flipped learning was developed and applied to nursing students' basic nursing practice classes in order to understand the effect on self-directed learning ability, interpersonal ability, and personality. For the study period, from September 1, 2015 to July 31, 2016, 21 second-year students in the Department of Nursing at University D, located in B city, Busan were recruited through convenience sampling. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS WIN (Ver. 21.0). The results of the study indicated there was a significant difference in the self-directed learning ability score from 3.16±0.28 points before the teaching-learning model application to 3.99±0.49 points after the application of the teaching-learning model. There was a significant difference in from 3.67±0.49 points before application to 3.90±0.43 points after application. There was also a significant difference in the personality score, from 3.69±0.49 points before application of the teaching-learning model to 4.06±0.46 points after application. Therefore, since the flipped learning-based snowball teaching-learning model is helpful in improving job competency, repeated experimental studies are suggested to verify the effectiveness.

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Journal of Curriculum and Teaching ISSN 1927-2677 (Print) ISSN 1927-2685 (Online)  Email:

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