Towards Developing an Integrity Framework in Performance Appraisal System (PAS) in the Malaysian Public Sector: A Preliminary Analysis from Justice and Ethical Perspectives

Norhaslinda Jamaiudin, Normala Adnan, Rabi'ah Aminuddin, S.M. Abdul Quddus


The implementation of Performance Appraisal System (PAS) is seen as a strategic move to foster performance-based
work culture in the Malaysia’s public sector. Embedded in pay-for performance system, the new appraisal system
which was first introduced in 1992 establishes linkage between pay system, performance and competencies
development. However, the chain tying pay to performance appears to be weak. Massive disappointment signals
poor implementation as the appraisal system was overshadowed by inappropriate instrument design, rater error,
inaccurate rating, bias assessment, etc. These major setbacks have evoked concern over ethical and fairness in the
practices of PAS. Occurrence of problems in the implementation of PAS signified erosion of justice and ethics in the
practices of PAS, thus lead to growing demand for integrity-based performance assessment system. This preliminary
analysis therefore seeks to examine the relationship between ethic, justice and the practices of PAS in the Malaysia’s
public sector. Correlation coefficient results disclosed positive association between variables as the instrument used,
process employed are moderately associated with ethics and justice dimensions. The appraisal system is likely
perceived to be good if fair assessment and ethical supervision were present and vice versa. This study deliberately
discusses the aforementioned issues through integrated framework based on organizational justice and work
character ethics theories and proposed framework for integrity enhancement in the implementation of PAS.
Significantly, this article makes a theoretical contribution towards developing higher integrity capacity which often
requires in HRM practice.

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Management and Organizational Studies  ISSN 2330-5495 (Print)  ISSN 2330-5509 (Online)

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