Clusters and High Technology Industries in Mexico: A Theoretical Review

Ana Eugenia Romo González, Ángles Villalobos, Alfredo Toríz


This work is part of a research into the design of a Knowledge Management Model (KMM) to develop investigationskills in high-tech companies in Mexico. The importance of these companies is that the type of goods produced areof high value as they focus on knowledge as a hub for scientific and technological progress, so that companies have adirect impact on economic and social development of a country that is measured by growth of different indicatorsinternationally standardized as the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the share of world trade, the productivity andcompetitiveness; and per capita income and the inhabitants welfare. However, given the dynamic economic andcompetitive context in which these companies globally work, in this document document are conceptualized andclassified High Technology (HT) companies from the point of view of the type of production they generate related tointernational nomenclature for economic activities, the general characteristics that place them globally within thatcategory, as well as their clustering that is geographically distributed in Mexico with the aim of defining strategies toimprove the economic and productive potential to contribute to reduce regional inequalities.

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Management and Organizational Studies  ISSN 2330-5495 (Print)  ISSN 2330-5509 (Online)

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