Determination of Cognitive Structures of Science Teacher Candidates in Ecology

Zeynep Yüce

Abstract


In particular, it is of great importance that teacher candidates are trained to develop awareness of ecology and to
protect ecological systems. Because they are the ones who will be educate future generations. Ecology is generally a
conceptual field. In this study, it was aimed to determine the conceptual structures related to ecology of science teacher
candidates at cognitive level. The study is a qualitative research carried out by the screening model. The study was
carried out with the participation of 127 candidates’ science teachers. In this study, a word association test (WAT)
was used to determine the cognitive structures of science teacher candidates related to “ecology”. Content analysis
and descriptive analysis methods were used in the analysis of data. In this data, the frequency table has been formed.
Based on the frequency tables prepared according to teacher candidates' responses to WAT, concept networks related
to ecology have been established. In the preparation of concept networks, cut point technique was used. When we
look at the frequency table, it was observed that the key words that teacher candidates associate most with ecology
are living places, functional properties of ecology and biotic factors of ecosystems in ecology. The sentences of
teacher candidates related to ecology are selected and categorized according to the concepts they contain. When the
sentences of teacher candidates related to ecology are examined, it is seen that correct descriptions are found but in
many of them there is incomplete information or concept confusion.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5430/wje.v9n4p13

 

World Journal of Education
ISSN 1925-0746(Print)  ISSN 1925-0754(Online)

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