The Effect of Spatial Intelligence-based Metalinguistic Written Corrective Feedback on EFL Learners’ Development in Writing

Mehdi Solhi Andarab


Correcting and providing feedback to the written work of the learners has always been one of the hotly-debated
issues over the last decades. While a group of scholars argue in favor of the effectiveness of the written corrective
(CF) feedback, others question the utility and usefulness of the CF on writing of the learners. Even there seem to be
fewer consensuses on the typology of the CF. Metalinguistic written corrective feedback (CF) (e.g., brief
grammatical descriptions and error codes) is a type of written feedback, through which teacher gives metalinguistic
clue to the nature of the errors (Ellis, 2009). In this study, a different type of metalinguistic feedback, conceptualized
as spatial intelligence-based (SIB) metalinguistic written CF_ using the colorful stationery to write, highlight, locate,
or underline the linguistic errors of the learners while giving feedback_ was used while providing feedback to the
learner’s work. In order to investigate the effectiveness of SIB metalinguistic written CF on English as a foreign
language (EFL) learners’ development in writing, 47 intermediate learners were randomly assigned into two groups.
The learners in the first group received SIB metalinguistic written CF for their errors in writing, while the ones in the
second group only obtained metalinguistic written CF for their errors. An independent samples t-test applied on the
scores achieved from a posttest showed a significant difference in scores of the first group and that of the
experimental group. Results indicated that the accuracy (mechanics) and style of the writing of the first group of
students who received SIB correction for their linguistic errors exceled that of the second group students whose
received written correction was only metalinguistic. However, there was no significant difference between the
groups in the content, and organization of their writing.

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Journal of Curriculum and Teaching ISSN 1927-2677 (Print) ISSN 1927-2685 (Online)  Email:

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