Predictors of Online Learning Readiness and Their Consequences on Learning Engagement and Perceived Teaching Quality during Covid19

Mikail Ibrahim, Saleh Hamood Nasser AL-Sinawi, Suo Yanju, Mohammed Borhandden Musah


This empirical study attempts to investigate the causal relationships between the predictors of online learning readiness and its effects on learning engagement and perceived teaching quality. In other words, the study aims to explore the direct relationship between goal orientation and perceived teaching quality, on the one hand, and the students’ learning engagement and perceived teaching quality and their indirect relationships via online learning readiness. A total of 703 students from Malaysian and Omani higher institutions voluntarily participated in this study following the quota sampling technique. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used to analyze the data gathered. The results of the analysis suggested that the goal orientation and perceived self-efficacy were statistically and directly related to learning engagement and perceived teaching quality and indirectly via online learning readiness.

Furthermore, the analysis showed that goal orientation has a direct positive and significant relationship with learning engagement and perceived teaching quality and positive indirect relationships with them via online learning readiness. However, while perceived self-efficacy had a direct positive correlation with learning engagement, it had a negative and direct relation with perceived teaching quality but a positive indirect relationship via online learning readiness. Hence, due to the ongoing covid19 global pandemic, this study implicates that highlighting the roles of goal and efficacy in an online context is essential because they would affect students’ learning engagement and their evaluation of teaching quality.

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World Journal of English Language
ISSN 1925-0703(Print)  ISSN 1925-0711(Online)

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